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Atmosphere

Aerosols

Black carbon isotope signatures from Himalaya and Tibet

Carbon isotope signatures of Elemental Carbon (EC) from aerosols and snow pits collected in Himalaya and Tibet during 2013/2014.

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Svalbard, Jan-Mar 2009

Data of high-volume PM10 aerosol samples, during high pollution events, measured at the Zeppelin Observatory, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Further, radiocarbon and...

Profiles of aerosol optical properties measured during CAESAR 2014 at Åre, Sweden

This dataset provides profile measurements of aerosol optical properties (aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficient) using Raman lidar technique. The...

Precipitation

Isotope measurements in precipitation, Mouzaki, SW Messenia, Greece

Water isotope composition, δD vs SMOW (‰) and δ18O vs SMOW (‰), in precipitation at Mouzaki, Greece, between 18/1-2012 - 25/8-2015. In total 45 and 22...

Temperature

2,000-Year Northern Hemisphere Temperature Reconstruction

Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years by combining low-resolution proxies with tree-ring data, using a wavelet transform...

High resolution topoclimate maps over Sweden

High spatial resolution (50 m grain-size) gridded maps of 10 years period (2000-2010) of monthly means, min and max temperature, and a map of Growing Degree...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 1000-Year Temperature Reconstruction

1000-year temperature reconstruction for the Northern Hemisphere extratropical region (30°N-90°N) by the LOC method. The new LOC method reconstructs the...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 2000-Year and 500-Year Temperature Reconstructions

We present two new multi-proxy reconstructions of the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (30–90°N) mean temperature: a two-millennia long reconstruction...

Northern Hemisphere Extra-Tropics 2,000-year Decadal Temperature Reconstruction

Multi-proxy temperature reconstruction for the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (90–30°N) during the last two millennia based on 30 palaeotemperature...

Stockholm Winter/Spring 500-Year Temperature Reconstruction

Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are used along with the instrumental temperature record to derive a...

Lacustrine

Sediment cores

Clay-varve chronology and deglaciation during the Younger Dryas and Preboreal in the Middle Swedish Ice Marginal Zone

A clay-varve chronology which covers the later part of the Younger Dryas stadial has been established in the easternmost part of the Middle Swedish Ice...

Clay-varve data sets for southeastern Sweden

Glacial varve thickness diagrams for Blekinge, Småland, Östergötland och Västergötland.

Lateglacial and early Holocene environmental changes from Lake Medvedevskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetics, radiocarbon dates, diatom counts, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of...

Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-core and multi-proxy data set for the ancient lake at Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden

Complete multi-proxy data set for cores #1 to cores #6 from Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden (63 m a.s.l.) including: Lithostratigraphy, geochemistry, tephra,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pastorskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Lake Pastorskoye, Karelian Isthmus,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental changes from ancient Lake Steregoiu, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Steregoiu in...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from ancient Lake Preluca Tiganului, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition, and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Preluca...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Chashnitsy, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Nero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, geochemistry, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Tambichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, organic carbon, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Zaozer'e, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Multi-proxy dataset from Les Échets, France

¹⁴C dates, OSL dates, mineral magnetic, grain size, geochemistry, pollen and diatom data for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Les Échets in France...

Marine

Arctic carbon

Biomarker and bulk organic carbon data for surface sediments across the Laptev Sea

This dataset was compiled for a study that aims to assess the fate of terrestrial organic carbon in the Arctic marine environment by exploring how it changes...

Lithology and thermal data from subsea permafrost drillcores of the SE Laptev Sea

Lithology and thermal data from four drill cores used in a study that documents current rates and mechanisms of subsea permafrost degradation in the East...

Organic carbon data from the Eurasian Arctic Shelf

Percentage of permafrost organic carbon resequestered by iron oxides in the Eurasian Arctic Shelf. Overall, the 15 ± 5% in the Laptev Sea and 6.4 ± 5% in...

Seawater Carbonate System, Ocean Acidification and Related Parameters in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf Seas

This dataset builds on an order of magnitude more observations than reports to date on Ocean Acidification (OA) in the Arctic Ocean; and, for the first time in...

Sediment cores

Data from IODP Site U1338 and DSDP Site 573

Data comprise bulk and fine fraction C and O stable isotopes, carbonate content, coarse fraction content, age and depths of samples from IODP Site U1338 and...

Heinrich 0 on the east Canadian Margin

Data series of Ca/Sr, CaCO₃, TOC, Calcite, Dolomite, Grayscale, and selected biomarkers from sediment core AI07–14G from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. The...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 8.2 m. Coring site:...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 6.1 m. Coring site:...

Paleoceanographic proxy data sets from the Eocene-Oligocene boundary interval of ODP Site 1218, eastern Equatorial Pacific

Paleoceanographic proxy records from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1218 in the eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP): (1) stable isotope (δ¹⁸O and δ¹³C)...

Seismic profile

Sub-bottom profiling data from Herald Canyon, Chukchi Sea

Sub-bottom profiling data from Herald Canyon, Arctic Ocean, acquired using the Kongsberg SBP 120 (2–7 kHz; 3° × 3°) chirp sonar installed in icebreaker...

Terrestrial

Glaciers

Paleoglaciological reconstructions for the Tibetan Plateau during the last glacial cycle

The Tibetan Plateau is a topographic feature of extraordinary dimension and has an important impact on regional and global climate. However, the glacial...

Hydrology

Northern Hemisphere 1,200 Year Hydroclimatic Reconstruction

Comparison of gridded proxy reconstructed and climate model simulated hydroclimate and temperature variability across the Northern Hemisphere over the past...

Numerically modelled transport pathways in degrading permafrost

A numerical model which couples heat and water conservation equations combined with a post-processing routine for particle tracking of water pathways is used...

Tree rings

Jämtland tree-ring chronology

An April to September temperature reconstruction for the period AD 1107–2007 based on tree-ring maximum density (MXD) from Jämtland in central Sweden.

Jämtland tree-ring chronology, Sweden, sample depth and RCS index data

Sample depth and regional curve standardization (RCS) index data based on tree-ring width (TRW) measurements in a tree-ring chronology from Scots pines (Pinus...

Moreju River, Russia, Tree Ring Stable Isotope Data

Tree ring stable carbon and oxygen isotope annual resolution data in alpha-cellulose of Siberian Spruce (Picea abies spp obovata) collected from remote forest...

Torneträsk tree ring chronology

A temperature reconstruction for the period AD 500–2004 based on tree-ring maximum density (MXD) at Tornetrask in northern Sweden.

Tree ring reconstructed summer (JJA) temperatures over Bhutan

An annual temperature reconstruction, in degrees centigrade, produced from a 638 year long Himalayan spruce chronology. The chronology is a composite...

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Keywords

14C dates Active layer dynamics Aerosol optical properties Aerosols Age model Air pollution Annual resolution Arctic Arctic Ocean Backscatter Benthic Foraminifera Bering Strait Bhutan Biomarkers Black carbon Bulk carbonate Carbon Carbon and oxygen isotopes Carbon cycling Carbon dioxide reconstructions Carbon isotope Carbon isotopes Carbon system Carbon-use efficiency China Chirp Climate Climate change Climate model simulation Climate proxy data Concentrations Cryology Deep sea Dendrochronology Detrital carbonate Diatom stratigraphy Diatoms Drought Early Holocene Earth science East Siberia East Siberia permafrost Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ecological stoichiometry Elemental carbon Emissions Eocene Equatorial Pacific Field measurements Flow pathways Geochemistry Grain size Greece Growing season degreee days HMW plant-wax lipids Heinrich 0 Himalaya Himalayan Spruce Historical Holocene Hydroclimate Hydrogen isotope composition Hydrogen isotopes Hydrology Hässeldala India Indo-Gangetic Plain Iron oxides Isotopes Jämtland Karelia Karelian Isthmus Labrador Sea Lake Chashnitsy Lake Medvedevskoye Lake Nero Lake Pastorskoye Lake Pichozero Lake Tambichozero Lake Zaozer'e Lake sediments Laptev Sea Late Miocene-early Pliocene Lateglacial Les Echets Lidar Lignin Lithostratigraphy Loss-on-ignition MIS2 MIS3 MXD Macro remains Marine Marine geology Maximum temperature Mean temperature Mineral magnetics Minimum temperature Model-data comparison Multi-core Multi-proxy Newfoundland Nitrogen Northern Hemisphere Northern hemisphere Numerical modelling Nutrient limitation OSL dates Ocean acidification Oligocene Oxygen isotope Oxygen isotope composition Paleoceanography Paleoclimate Paleoclimate reconstruction Paleoenvironment Peat bog Peloponnese Percentages Permafrost Permafrost hydrogeology Phosphorus Placentia Bay Pollen Pollen counts Pollen stratigraphy Precipitation Preluca Tiganului Productivity Profiles RCS Radiocarbon dates Reconstruction Romania Russia Russian Sub-Arctic SWERUS-C3 Sample depth Scots pine Sediment size fractions Sedimentology Sediments Seismoacoustic Sequestration Snow Source apportionment Southern Sweden Stable isotopes Steregoiu Stratigraphy Sub-bottom profiling Subsea permafrost Sulfur Summer temperature Sweden TRW Temperature Temperature reconstruction Tephra Terrestrial Tibet Travel times Tree rings Tree-rings Water isotope composition X-ray diffraction pH reconstruction ¹⁴C dates