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Atmosphere

Aerosols

Aerosol and droplet size distributions and concentrations measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol and droplet size distributions and concentrations were measured by a Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (model FSSP-100). The FSSP was installed on...

Aerosol light scattering coefficients and scattering enhancement factors at 26 globally distributed stations 1998⁠ – ⁠2017

This dataset presents the time series of aerosol (total and back) light scattering, and scattering enhancement factors measured with in situ tandem humidified...

Aerosol light scattering properties at Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, 1999⁠ – ⁠2016, with back trajectory analysis parameters

The dataset was created to aid the investigation of long-term trends in aerosol light scattering properties using a unique data record of key aerosol optical...

Aerosol optical properties from ten earth system models for the year 2010

This dataset presents the time series of modeled aerosol optical properties (light absorption and extinction) from ten earth system models. The dataset...

Aerosol particle number size distribution data collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol particle number size distributions in the size range 10⁠ – 921 nm were measured with a custom built differential mobility particle sizer (DMPS)...

Arctic cloud and aerosol measurements from Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, November 2015 to February 2018

The dataset includes cloud, aerosol and meteorological data from Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, for the period 27 November 2015 to 4 February 2018. This...

Black carbon concentrations and carbon isotope signatures for Delhi, 2011

The dataset includes concentrations, stable carbon isotope signatures (δ¹³C) and radiocarbon signatures of elemental carbon (EC — thermal-optical tracer...

Black carbon isotope signatures from Himalaya and Tibet

Carbon isotope signatures of Elemental Carbon (EC) from aerosols and snow pits collected in Himalaya and Tibet during 2013/2014.

Cloud water samples obtained in summertime during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

This dataset contains results from analyses of chemical composition for elevated clouds in the pristine high Arctic, obtained with a miniaturised cloud water...

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Svalbard, Jan–Mar 2009

Data of high-volume PM10 aerosol samples, during high pollution events, measured at the Zeppelin Observatory, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Further, radiocarbon and...

Concentration of particles larger than 2.5 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The concentration of particles larger than 2.5 nm was measured with an ultrafine condensation particle counter (UCPC). The concentration was corrected for...

Frequent new particle formation over the high Arctic pack ice by enhanced iodine emissions, ancillary data

This dataset contains a collection of ancillary data that were used for the publication Frequent new particle formation over the high Arctic pack ice by...

Light absorbtion properties of Brown Carbon in the South Asian outflow in winter 2016

This dataset provides the mass-absorption cross section at 365 nm and the corresponding absorption Ångström exponent, stable carbon isotope signature of...

Mask to identify polluted periods during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol and trace gas measurements are strongly affected by the ship exhaust and other human activities (e.g., helicopter flights). Therefore, it is important...

Observation (carbon isotopes) and model data for Arctic black carbon, Tiksi, Russia, April 2012 to March 2014

Data of high-volume total suspended particles (TSP) aerosol samples, measured in Tiksi, Northeast Siberia, Russia. The data cover ~24 months of consecutive...

Physical and chemical properties of aerosol particles and cloud residuals on Mt. Åreskutan in Central Sweden during summer 2014

The size distribution, volatility and hygroscopicity of ambient aerosols and cloud residuals were measured with a differential mobility particle sizer (DMPS)...

Profiles of aerosol optical properties measured during CAESAR 2014 at Åre, Sweden

This dataset provides profile measurements of aerosol optical properties (aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficient) using Raman lidar technique. The...

Size distribution of aerosol particles between 2.5 and 920 nm measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The aerosol size distribution was obtained combining measurements from a neutral and air ion spectrometer (NAIS) with a differential mobility particle sizer...

Size distribution of interstitial and total particles between 18 and 660 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The aerosol size distribution was measured with a custom made scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), range 18⁠ – ⁠660 nm. Aerosols are important...

Size distribution of neutral and charged particles smaller than 42 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The size distribution of neutral and charged particles was measured using a neutral cluster and air ion spectrometer (NAIS) instrument. The concentration was...

Temperature and energy transport for idealized NorESM slab-ocean simulations for modified mid-latitude SO₂ aerosol emissions

This dataset contains temperature and horizontal heat convergence output from four different climate modelling simulations using a slab-ocean setup for the...

Ultrafine particle concentration measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The ultrafine particle (UFP) concentration is the concentration of particles having a diameter between 2.5 and 15 nm, it is reported in terms of particle...

Temperature

2,000-Year Northern Hemisphere Temperature Reconstruction

Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years by combining low-resolution proxies with tree-ring data, using a wavelet transform...

High resolution temperature maps for a boreal forest area in central Sweden 2015–2016

Grids of monthly minimum and maximum temperatures are presented at 25 m resolution for a boreal forest area of ~16 000 km2 in central Sweden (including parts...

High resolution topoclimate maps over Sweden

High spatial resolution (50 m grain-size) gridded maps of 10 years period (2000-2010) of monthly means, min and max temperature, and a map of Growing Degree...

Late-glacial European summer temperature reconstruction

The dataset provides a compilation of quantitative European summer temperature reconstructions for the late-glacial periods of the Bølling-Allerød...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 1000-Year Temperature Reconstruction

1000-year temperature reconstruction for the Northern Hemisphere extratropical region (30°N-90°N) by the LOC method. The new LOC method reconstructs the...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 2000-Year and 500-Year Temperature Reconstructions

We present two new multi-proxy reconstructions of the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (30–90°N) mean temperature: a two-millennia long reconstruction...

Northern Hemisphere Extra-Tropics 2,000-year Decadal Temperature Reconstruction

Multi-proxy temperature reconstruction for the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (90–30°N) during the last two millennia based on 30 palaeotemperature...

Simulated seasonal temperatures 850–2005 for the seven PAGES 2k regions derived from the CESM last millennium ensemble

Simulated surface air temperature data derived from the Last Millennium Ensemble with the Community Earth System Model (CESM) version 1.1, for the period AD...

Stockholm Winter/Spring 500-Year Temperature Reconstruction

Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are used along with the instrumental temperature record to derive a...

Warming stripes — visualisations of annual temperature series from the Nordic countries

Ongoing climate change is a complex problem and communicating it to a general audience often requires short and simple explanations. Warming stripes refer to...

Weather observations

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding World Meteorological Organization (WMO) weather codes. The dataset...

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) weather codes. The dataset...

Radiosonde data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Atmospheric profile measurements of temperature, humidity, pressure and wind speed from radiosonde (Vaisala RS92) weather balloons. Data also include...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. This is one of the world's longest records of...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Air temperature

Data for air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. The data are available both with, and without, adjustments...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Sub-daily cloud amount since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains estimated...

Tethered balloon measurements from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

In-situ boundary-layer meteorological observations were made from the ice floe using sensors hanging under a tethered balloon which was quasi-continuously...

Weather data from MISU weather station during Ryder 2019 and Northwest passage 2019 expeditions

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, surface...

Weather data from MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Lacustrine

Sediment cores

Clay-varve chronology and deglaciation during the Younger Dryas and Preboreal in the Middle Swedish Ice Marginal Zone

A clay-varve chronology which covers the later part of the Younger Dryas stadial has been established in the easternmost part of the Middle Swedish Ice...

Clay-varve data sets for southeastern Sweden

Glacial varve thickness diagrams for Blekinge, Småland, Östergötland och Västergötland.

Geochemistry XRF core scanning data of gyttja sediments from an Eemian Paleolake at Sokli, Northern Finland

Eemian paleolake gyttja sediments from Sokli in northern Finland were scanned with an ITRAX XRF Core Scanner. Data was acquired for Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe,...

Holocene multi-proxy and multi-core data set for Lake Kumphawapi in northern Thailand

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, magnetic susceptibility, geochemistry, biomarkers, diatom counts and percentages, biogenic silica, grain size, major...

Lateglacial and early Holocene environmental changes from Lake Medvedevskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetics, radiocarbon dates, diatom counts, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of...

Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-core and multi-proxy data set for the ancient lake at Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden

Complete multi-proxy data set for cores #1 to cores #6 from Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden (63 m a.s.l.) including: Lithostratigraphy, geochemistry, tephra,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-proxy data set for the ancient lake at Atteköpsmosse, southern Sweden

Lithostratigraphy, tephra, geochemistry, biomarkers, hydrogen isotopes, radiocarbon dates, age model, chironomid counts and percentages, pollen counts and...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pastorskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Lake Pastorskoye, Karelian Isthmus,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental changes from ancient Lake Steregoiu, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Steregoiu in...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from ancient Lake Preluca Tiganului, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition, and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Preluca...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Chashnitsy, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Nero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, geochemistry, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Tambichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, organic carbon, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Zaozer'e, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Multi-proxy dataset from Les Échets, France

¹⁴C dates, OSL dates, mineral magnetic, grain size, geochemistry, pollen and diatom data for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Les Échets in France...

Multi-proxy record from Lake Pa Kho of Late Holocene climatic and environmental changes in northern Thailand

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, age model, geochemistry, biogenic silica, major elements, biomarkers of a peat sequence from Lake Pa Kho in northern...

Multi-proxy sediment record from Lake Pa Kho reconstructing MIS-3 climatic and environmental changes in northern Thailand

The sediments from Lake Pa Kho in northern Thailand constitute a unique climatic archive since they allow recording climate and environmental changes between...

Paleoenvironmental data from Lake Chilau, southern Mozambique, inferring savanna and lake level dynamics in the last 7700 years

This data set contains proxy data from a paleoenvironment reconstruction study covering the last 7700 years in southern Mozambique, derived from fossil...

Marine

Arctic carbon

Biomarker and bulk organic carbon data for surface sediments across the Laptev Sea

This dataset was compiled for a study that aims to assess the fate of terrestrial organic carbon in the Arctic marine environment by exploring how it changes...

Bulk organic carbon and biomarker data for the marine sediment core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1, Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean

This dataset was created to reconstruct the historical remobilization of permafrost carbon from the Beringian landmass to the Chukchi Sea. We analyzed carbon...

Bulk organic carbon, isotopes and terrigenous biomarkers for the marine sediment core SWERUS-L2-31-PC1

This dataset contains biochemical data analyzed in the sediment core SWERUS-L2-31-PC1, an archive spanning over the past 27,000 years recovered from the...

Cross-shelf transport time and degradation rates for terrestrial organic matter in the Laptev Sea

This dataset contains compound-specific radiocarbon dates for long-chain fatty acids (specific terrestrial biomarkers) along a 600-km transect from the Lena...

Lithology and thermal data from subsea permafrost drillcores of the SE Laptev Sea

Lithology and thermal data from four drill cores used in a study that documents current rates and mechanisms of subsea permafrost degradation in the East...

Organic carbon data from the Eurasian Arctic Shelf

Percentage of permafrost organic carbon resequestered by iron oxides in the Eurasian Arctic Shelf. Overall, the 15 ± 5% in the Laptev Sea and 6.4 ± 5% in...

Seawater Carbonate System, Ocean Acidification and Related Parameters in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf Seas

This dataset builds on an order of magnitude more observations than reports to date on Ocean Acidification (OA) in the Arctic Ocean; and, for the first time in...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Carbon, nitrogen and isotopes in sediment cores of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains data for sediment cores across the Arctic Ocean, which are divided...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Carbon, nitrogen, isotopes and biomarkers in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains carbon data of surface sediments across the Arctic Ocean. Surface...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — CASCADE

The Circum-Arctic Sediment CArbon DatabasE (CASCADE) was established to curate data on concentrations of organic carbon (OC) and total nitrogen (TN), OC...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Gridded carbon, nitrogen and isotope data in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains gridded data of organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen (TN) and OC...

Sediment cores

Age model and physical properties of sediment from the Arctic Siberian margin, core SWERUS-L2-31PC

Age model and sedimentological data for a marine sediment core collected on the Lomonosov Ridge adjoining the East Siberian shelf, Arctic Ocean. The dataset...

Bulk sediment records from ODP Site 851, eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean

The data comprise coarse fraction concentrations, carbonate content and carbon and oxygen stable isotopes (δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O) of deep-sea sediment samples...

Data from IODP Site U1338 and DSDP Site 573

Data comprise bulk and fine fraction C and O stable isotopes, carbonate content, coarse fraction content, age and depths of samples from IODP Site U1338 and...

Eocene-Oligocene age planktonic and benthic foraminifera oxygen and carbon stable isotopes from the NKK-1 borehole, central Java

This data set involves geochemical paleoceanographic proxy records from a borehole drilled in the Nanggulan region of central Java, Indonesia, and includes...

Heinrich 0 on the east Canadian Margin

Data series of Ca/Sr, CaCO₃, TOC, Calcite, Dolomite, Grayscale, and selected biomarkers from sediment core AI07–14G from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. The...

In-situ Temperature, Thermal Conductivity and Heat Flow of East Siberian Margin Sediments

Summary of published data used to calculate marine heat flow at sediment coring stations on SWERUS-C3-L2 in 2014. The data file includes A.) Summary table of...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 8.2 m. Coring site:...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 6.1 m. Coring site:...

Marine sediment core data from De Long Trough, Siberian margin and slope, Arctic Ocean

Sediment core data from four sites in the East Siberian Sea, Arctic Ocean. The cores were collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014....

North Atlantic Eocene Oligocene foraminiferal stable isotope and Mg/Ca proxy data

Benthic and planktic foraminifera oxygen and carbon stable isotope measurements from four North Atlantic deep sea drill sites from the late Eocene to early...

Paleoceanographic proxy data sets from the Eocene-Oligocene boundary interval of ODP Site 1218, eastern Equatorial Pacific

Paleoceanographic proxy records from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1218 in the eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP): (1) stable isotope (δ¹⁸O and δ¹³C)...

Terrestrial

 

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AO2018 Atmospheric Science 14C dates AAE ACAS ACSE AO16 AO18 AO2016 AO2018 APi-TOF ASCOS Absorption Active layer depth Active layer dynamics Aerosol Aerosol Science Aerosol optical properties Aerosol physical properties Aerosol size distribution Aerosol-Cloud-Interaction 2018 Aerosols Africa Age model Air pollution Air pressure Air temperature Air-sea interaction Alpine Annual resolution Antarctica Aquatic biota Archetypes Arctic Arctic Ocean Arctic Ocean 2016 Arctic Ocean 2018 Arctic boundary layer Arctic clouds Arctic gateways Arctic shelves Atlantic meridional overturning circulation Atmosphere Atmospheric Chemistry Atmospheric Physics Atmospheric Science Atmospheric gas phase data Back trajectory Backscatter Backscatter profile Baltic Sea Bathymetry Benthic Foraminifera Benthic foraminifera Bering Strait Bhutan Biogeochemical cycles Biomarkers Biomass allometry Black carbon Boreal forest Brown Carbon Bryophyte Bulk carbonate Bulk marine sediment C/N ratio CASCADE CO₂ reconstruction CPC3776 CTD Calving Carbon Carbon and Oxygen isotopes Carbon and oxygen isotopes Carbon cycle Carbon cycling Carbon dioxide Carbon dioxide reconstructions Carbon isotope Carbon isotopes Carbon remobilization Carbon storage efficiency Carbon system Carbon use efficiency Carbon-use efficiency Carbonaceous aerosols Change driver Charcoal Chemical composition China Chironomids Chirp Chukchi Sea Climate Climate change Climate change feedback Climate indicator Climate indicator plant species Climate model Climate model simulation Climate modelling Climate proxy data Climate reconstruction Climate scenarios Climate sensitivity Climatic optima Cloud amount Cloud and fog biology and chemistry Cloud fraction Cloud radar Cloud residual Cloud residuals Cloud-base height Cloudnet Clouds Clouds Aerosol Science Coastal erosion Coccolithophores Compound-specific radiocarbon Concentrations Condensation sink Core drilling Cryology Daily data Data visualisation De Long Trough Deep sea Deep water Deglaciation Degradation rates Delhi Dendrochronology Detrital carbonate Diatom stratigraphy Diatoms Droplets Drought EPMA Early Holocene Early instrumental data Earth science Earth system models East Siberia East Siberia permafrost East Siberian Margin East Siberian Sea Eastern Equatorial Pacific Eastern equatorial Pacific Ebullution Ecological engineering Ecological stoichiometry Ecosystem services Eddy covariance Eemian Elemental carbon Elemental concentration Emissions Ensemble simulation Ensemble simulations Eocene Eocene-Oligocene Transition Equatorial Pacific Eutrophication Extinction FTIR Fennoscandia Field measurements Finland Fjord Flow pathways Flow-path Fog Foraminifera Forest Fosen Fossil leaves GCVI Geochemical proxy data Geochemistry Gialova lagoon Glaciology Global crop production Grain size Greece Greenhouse Greenhouse gas Greenland Ground temperature Growing season degreee days Gyttja HMW plant-wax lipids Heartwood biomass Heinrich 0 Herald Canyon High Arctic Himalaya Himalayan Spruce Historical Holocene Homogenized data Hydroclimate Hydrogen isotope composition Hydrogen isotopes Hydrography Hydrology Hygroscopicity Hässeldala ISSS-08 Ice retreat Ice-nucleating particles Ice-off Icebreaker Oden India Indo-Gangetic Plain Inorganic and organic composition Instrumental temperature data Iodic acid Ion induced nucleation Ions Iron oxides Islay Isotopes Isotopologues Java Jämtland Kara Sea Karelia Karelian Isthmus Labrador Sea Lacustrine Lake Lake Chashnitsy Lake Kumphawapi Lake Medvedevskoye Lake Nero Lake Pastorskoye Lake Pichozero Lake Tambichozero Lake Tarfala Lake Zaozer'e Lake ice Lake level Lake sediments Lake temperature Landscape abundances Landscape unit Laptev Sea Large-scale Last 2000 years Last millennium Late Glacial Late Miocene-early Pliocene Lateglacial Les Echets Lesotho Lidar Light absorption Light scattering Lignin Limnology Lithostratigraphy Lomonosov Ridge Long-term trend Loss-on-ignition MAC365 MIS 5e MIS2 MIS3 MOCCHA MXD Macro remains Major-element geochemistry Marine Marine Heat Flow Marine Isotope Stage 3 Marine geology Marine sediments Mass absorption Mass absorption cross-section​ Maximum temperature Mean temperature Mercury Meridional overturning circulation Meteorological model data Meteorology Methane Methane isotopes Methanesulfonic acid Methylmercury Mg/Ca Microbial biomass carbon Microbiology-Ocean-Cloud-Coupling in the High Arctic Microclimate Micrometeorological data Micrometeorology Microsensor Mineral magnetics Minimum temperature Miocene Miocene Climatic Optimum Miombo Model-data comparison Monomictic Monthly data Monthly maximum temperature Monthly minimum temperature Mozambique Mt. Åreskutan Multi-core Multi-proxy Multi-proxy data set Multi-proxy lake sediments Multibeam Multibeam bathymetry NAIS Navarino Environmental Observatory Neutral cluster and air ion spectrometer New particle formation Newfoundland Nitrogen NorESM North Atlantic North Pole Northern Greenland Northern Hemisphere Northern Thailand Northern circumpolar permafrost area Northern hemisphere Northern peatlands Northwest Passage Norway Numerical modelling Nutrient limitation OSL dates Ocean acidification Ocean circulation Oceanography Oden Offshore archives Oligocene Optical properties Oxygen Oxygen concentration Oxygen isotope Oxygen isotope composition Ozone PAGES 2k PM2.5 Palaeoceanography Palaeoclimate Palaeoecology Palaeohydrology Paleo-monsoon Paleoceanography Paleoclimate Paleoclimate reconstruction Paleoenvironment Particle size distribution Past carbon cycling Peat Peat bog Peat parameters Peatland Peatland carbon Peatland depth Peatland extent Peatland nitrogen Peloponnese Percentages Permafrost Permafrost carbon Permafrost hydrogeology Petermann Glacier Phosphorus Phytoliths Phytoplankton seasonality Placentia Bay Planktic foraminifera Plant carbon Plant macrofossils Plant occurences Pleistocene Pollen Pollen counts Pollen stratigraphy Pollution record Pond Position and speed Precipitation Precipitation intensity Precipitation type Preluca Tiganului Pressure Primary productivity PrimeSCale model Priming effect Pro-glacial Productivity Profiles Pseudosolenia calcar-avis RCP RCS Radiocarbon dates Radiosonde Radiosoundings Reconstruction Regional climate models Relative humidity Remote sensing of clouds and fogs Respiration Rhizosphere priming Romania Root distribution Russia Russian Sub-Arctic Ryder 2019 expedition Ryder Glacier SMPS SWERUS-C3 SWERUS-C3 expedition Salinity Sample depth Sapwood biomass Savanna Scandinavia Scanning mobility particle sizer Scattering coefficient Scattering enhancement factor Scotland Scots pine Sea ice Sea level Sea surface temperature Seawater temperature Sediment Sediment carbon Sediment cores Sediment properties Sediment size fractions Sediment transport Sedimentology Sediments Seismoacoustic Sequestration Ship log Ship log and weather station Ship navigation Siliceous microfossil Snow Snow depth Soil Soil organic carbon Sokli Solar radiation Source apportionment South Asia Southeast Asia; Southern Sweden Spatial scale Stable isotopes Stem biomass Steregoiu Stockholm Stomatal proxy Storminess Stratigraphy Sub-Arctic Sub-arctic Sub-bottom profiling Subarctic Subsea permafrost Sulfur Sulfuric acid Summer temperature Surface energy budget Surface water Surface water salinity Sustainable intensification of agriculture Svalbard Sweden TEX86 TRW Tarfala Temperate forest Temperature Temperature proxy Temperature reconstruction Tephra Tephrostratigraphy Terrestial biota Terrestrial Tethered sonde profiles Thailand Thaw depth Tibet Topoclimate Trace gas Transport modeling Travel times Tree biomass Tree rings Tree-rings Tropospheric chemistry Turbidity Turbulence UCPC Uk'37 Ultrafine condensation particle counter Ultrafine particles Varves Vascular plant Vedde Vegetation carbon cycle Vegetation carbon stock Vertical mixing Visibility Volatility Volcanoes Warm-pool Water depth Water harvesting Water isotope composition Water temperature Weather forecast Weather station Western Gotland Basin Wetland ecosystems Wildfire Wind speed X-ray diffraction XRF XRF core scanning Younger Dryas Zeppelin iButton pH reconstruction ¹⁴C dates Ångström exponent