Contribution of groundwater to greenhouse gases emissions: lessons learned from two case studies in the Walloon region of Belgium

Serge Brouyère Department of Architecture, Geology, Environment & Construction University of Liège, BelgiumSpeaker: Serge Brouyère, Department of Architecture, Geology, Environment & Construction, University of Liège, Belgium
Time: September 3 at 12h00
Place: Tarfalarummet (T433), Geoscience Building

 


Abstract:
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) are an environmental issue because their concentrations in the atmosphere have been continuously increasing. Agricultural practices represents up to one third of anthropogenic emissions of GHGs such as nitrous oxide (N2O), methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), which all contribute to climate change and N2O to stratospheric ozone destruction. This study presents recent case studies in two different agricultural areas of the Walloon Region (Belgium). To this end, the dynamics of CO2, CH4 and N2O were studied in the aquifers of the Triffoy and Geer catchments. In order to get an insight into GHGs production/consumption processes, the results of the stable isotope analyses of NO3-, N2O, SO42-, B, DOC and 3H along with the hydrogeochemical data were used. Our study attempts to acquire additional evidence about (1) the processes that consume and produce GHGs in groundwater in these two catchments (2) the spatial variability of N2O along the lateral and vertical dimensions of the Geer aquifers and (3) the dynamics of GHGs in the river-groundwater interface in the Triffoy catchment. Results indicate that groundwater is oversaturated in N2O and CO2 with respect to atmospheric equilibrium but only marginally for CH4, suggesting that groundwater can be a source of these GHGs to the atmosphere. Nitrification and nitrifier-denitrification seem to be the main process for the accumulation of N2O in groundwater of the two catchments and the oxic conditions prevailing in the aquifers are not prone to the accumulation of CH4. Groundwater is probably an important source of N2O and CO2 into the rivers but when the measures are scaled at catchment scale, these fluxes are probably relatively modest. Nevertheless, their quantification would better constrain nitrogen and carbon budgets in natural systems.

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