Bolin Centre Research Area 5 topic image

This research area brings together physical geographers, geologists, climate modelers, statisticians, historians and other scientists to study climate variability since the last ice age and into the Quaternary. Past climate evolution is seen from archives such as ocean, lake and terrestrial sediment cores, landforms, ice cores, cave deposits, tree rings, and historical documents. Through the analysis of proxies in these archives we can acquire information about past climate variability. This data can then be analysed statistically to produce quantitative climate reconstructions. Meanwhile, climate models are applied to simulate past climate and explore the mechanisms of climate change and climate variability, which gives confidence in our ability to project future climate change.


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