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Atmosphere

Aerosols

Aerosol light scattering coefficients and scattering enhancement factors at 26 globally distributed stations 1998⁠ – ⁠2017

This dataset presents the time series of aerosol (total and back) light scattering, and scattering enhancement factors measured with in situ tandem humidified...

Aerosol optical properties from ten earth system models for the year 2010

This dataset presents the time series of modeled aerosol optical properties (light absorption and extinction) from ten earth system models. The dataset...

Black carbon concentrations and carbon isotope signatures for Delhi, 2011

The dataset includes concentrations, stable carbon isotope signatures (δ¹³C) and radiocarbon signatures of elemental carbon (EC — thermal-optical tracer...

Black carbon concentrations and carbon isotope signatures for three sites in China, January 2013

The dataset includes concentrations, stable carbon isotope signatures (δ¹³C) and radiocarbon signatures of elemental carbon (EC - thermal-optical tracer of...

Black carbon isotope signatures from Himalaya and Tibet

Carbon isotope signatures of Elemental Carbon (EC) from aerosols and snow pits collected in Himalaya and Tibet during 2013/2014.

Chemical composition of aerosol particles at Mt. Åreskutan, Sweden

The chemical composition of atmospheric particulate matter at Mt. Åreskutan, a mountaintop site in central Sweden, was analysed with a focus on its...

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Abisko, Sweden, September 2011 to March 2013

Data of high-volume PM2.5 and TSP aerosol samples, measured in Abisko, northern Sweden. The data cover 18 months of consecutive sampling. Sampling duration is...

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Svalbard, Jan–Mar 2009

Data of high-volume PM10 aerosol samples, during high pollution events, measured at the Zeppelin Observatory, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Further, radiocarbon and...

Dual carbon isotope (Δ¹⁴C and δ¹³C) data for Hisar and Manora Peak, northern India

Blank corrected radiocarbon and stable carbon isotope data for the TSP aerosols collected during a winter (Dec, 2004) land campaign at Hisar and Manora Peak,...

Light absorbtion properties of Brown Carbon in the South Asian outflow in winter 2016

This dataset provides the mass-absorption cross section at 365 nm and the corresponding absorption Ångström exponent, stable carbon isotope signature of...

Observation (carbon isotopes) and model data for Arctic black carbon, Tiksi, Russia, April 2012 to March 2014

Data of high-volume total suspended particles (TSP) aerosol samples, measured in Tiksi, Northeast Siberia, Russia. The data cover ~24 months of consecutive...

Profiles of aerosol optical properties measured during CAESAR 2014 at Åre, Sweden

This dataset provides profile measurements of aerosol optical properties (aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficient) using Raman lidar technique. The...

Clouds

All-Sky cloud imager data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

An all-sky cloud imager consists of a polished half-spherical dome mirror with a camera on top looking down. The camera takes images of the dome, which...

Ceilometer backscatter and cloud base height measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

Ceilometer backscatter, cloud base height and cloud fraction data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of cloud base height, cloud fraction and backscatter profiles. The dataset provides rare high quality meteorological observations from sea-ice...

Ceilometer backscatter, cloud base height and cloud fraction data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of cloud base height, cloud fraction and backscatter profiles. The dataset provides rare high quality meteorological observations from sea-ice...

Ceilometer measurements, FMI, from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

Dual-channel microwave radiometer measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Vertically integrated water vapor (PWV) and cloud liquid water (LWP) was measured using a microwave radiometer, simultaneously observing the microwave...

Meteorological observations during the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition 2014 and colocated regional climate model output

Observations of the atmospheric thermodynamic structure, wind profiles and surface energy budget components from the Eastern Arctic Ocean in July through early...

Millimeter cloud radar Doppler moments measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Cloud information data was collected using a ship-based vertically pointing millimeter cloud radar (MMCR), which is a Doppler radar at the Ka-band,...

Multi-sensor cloud microphysics product from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

This data set includes retrievals of cloud type, characteristic particle size, and condensed water content for both liquid and ice hydrometeors. These...

Oden ceilometer cloud data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

S-band radar data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Cloud and precipitation information data was collected using a ship-based vertically pointing Doppler radar at the S-band, adapted to primarily measure...

Observations

Micrometeorological data from icebreaker Oden’s foremast during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Air-sea fluxes and other micrometeorological variables derived from fast response (20 Hz) measurements of the 3-dimensional wind vector, temperature and...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the Arctic Ocean 2016 (AO2016) expedition to the central...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the Arctic Ocean 2018 (AO2018, also referred to as...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the SWERUS-C3 expedition to the Eastern Arctic Ocean in July...

Ozone soundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Profiles of ozone concentration were measured by a Vaisala add-on ozone sonde, for a few of the radiosoundings launched from the helipad of the Icebreaker Oden.

Radioactivity soundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Profiles of radioactivity were measured by a Vaisala add-on radioactivity sonde for a few of the radiosoundings, measuring Geiger–Müller tube count rates...

Weather and navigation data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The Icebreaker Oden's weather station was mostly located on the 7th deck about 27 m above sea level, on top of the bridge. Sensors were distributed over the...

Temperature

2,000-Year Northern Hemisphere Temperature Reconstruction

Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years by combining low-resolution proxies with tree-ring data, using a wavelet transform...

High resolution temperature maps for a boreal forest area in central Sweden 2015–2016

Grids of monthly minimum and maximum temperatures are presented at 25 m resolution for a boreal forest area of ~16 000 km2 in central Sweden (including parts...

High resolution topoclimate maps over Sweden

High spatial resolution (50 m grain-size) gridded maps of 10 years period (2000-2010) of monthly means, min and max temperature, and a map of Growing Degree...

Late-glacial European summer temperature reconstruction

The dataset provides a compilation of quantitative European summer temperature reconstructions for the late-glacial periods of the Bølling-Allerød...

Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

During the ASCOS expedition the temperatures of the cloud-base, ambient air, and surface were very accurately measured using the Marine-Atmospheric Emitted...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 1000-Year Temperature Reconstruction

1000-year temperature reconstruction for the Northern Hemisphere extratropical region (30°N-90°N) by the LOC method. The new LOC method reconstructs the...

Northern Hemisphere Extratropical 2000-Year and 500-Year Temperature Reconstructions

We present two new multi-proxy reconstructions of the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (30–90°N) mean temperature: a two-millennia long reconstruction...

Northern Hemisphere Extra-Tropics 2,000-year Decadal Temperature Reconstruction

Multi-proxy temperature reconstruction for the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (90–30°N) during the last two millennia based on 30 palaeotemperature...

Radiometer data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

High resolution (in time and space) vertical profiles of temperature were obtained from a 60GHz scanning microwave radiometer. The radiometer measures the...

Simulated seasonal temperatures 850–2005 for the seven PAGES 2k regions derived from the CESM last millennium ensemble

Simulated surface air temperature data derived from the Last Millennium Ensemble with the Community Earth System Model (CESM) version 1.1, for the period AD...

Stockholm Winter/Spring 500-Year Temperature Reconstruction

Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are used along with the instrumental temperature record to derive a...

Warming stripes — visualisations of annual temperature series from the Nordic countries

Ongoing climate change is a complex problem and communicating it to a general audience often requires short and simple explanations. Warming stripes refer to...

Weather observations

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding WMO (World Meteorological Organization) weather codes, from the present...

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) weather codes. The dataset...

Radiosonde data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Atmospheric profile measurements of temperature, humidity, pressure and wind speed from radiosonde (Vaisala RS92) weather balloons. Data also include...

Radiosoundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Radiosoundings were launched every six hours (00, 06, 12 & 18UTC), and additionally before each helicopter flight (if not at one of the normal times), using...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. This is one of the world's longest records of...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Air pressure

Data for air pressure at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. Over time, different barometers have been used and measurements...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Air temperature

Data for air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. The data are available both with, and without, adjustments...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Barometer observations in original units since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains individual...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Daily mean air temperatures since 1756

Data for daily mean air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. Three variants of the data are available: (i)...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Daily mean air temperatures since 1756 (graphics)

Weather observations of several meteorological variables have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756. As a part of...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Maximum snow depth each winter since 1904/05

This dataset contains observed maximum snow depth in each winter from the winter season 1904/05 through 2018/19 at the old astronomical observatory in...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Monthly mean air temperatures since 1756

Data for monthly mean air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm from 1756 until 2019 are provided. The dataset also contains annual...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Observation times since 1756

This dataset provides information about the time points when weather observations were made each day (morning, noon, evening) during 1756⁠⁠ – 2018 at...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Sub-daily cloud amount since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains estimated...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Sub-daily sea level pressure since 1756

Data for sub-daily sea level pressure (SLP) at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm are provided for the period 1756⁠ – 2012. Three SLP...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Thermometer observations since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains individual air...

Tethersonde mean meteorology from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

In-situ boundary-layer meteorological observations were made from the ice using sensors hanging under a tethered balloon which was quasi-continuously winched...

Visibility and present weather observations from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Visibility data was collected using a Vaisala visibility sensor based on forward scattered laser light deployed on the aft starboard side on the 7th deck of...

Weather data from MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from WeatherPak station from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The WeatherPak station is an integrated unit mounted approximately mid-ship on the forward railing on the Icebreaker Oden's 7th deck about 27 m above sea...

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AO2018 AAE ACAS ACSE AO16 AO18 AO2016 AO2018 ASCOS Absorption Aerosol optical properties Aerosols Air pollution Air pressure Air temperature Air-sea interaction Arctic Arctic Arctic Ocean Arctic Ocean 2016 Arctic Ocean 2018 Arctic boundary layer Arctic clouds Atmospheric Brown Cloud Backscatter Backscatter profile Barometer Beijing Bering Strait Biogenic aerosols Black carbon Brown Carbon Bubble Carbon Carbon cycling Carbon dioxide Carbon isotopes Carbonaceous aerosol Carbonaceous aerosols Chemical composition China Chironomids Chirp Chukchi Sea Climate Climate change Climate model Climate model simulation Climate proxy data Climate scenarios Climate sensitivity Cloud amount Cloud fraction Cloud fractions Cloud-base height Cloud-base heights Clouds Daily data Data visualisation De Long Trough Deglaciation Delhi Drought Early instrumental data Earth system models East Siberia permafrost East Siberian Margin East Siberian Sea Eddy covariance Elemental carbon Emissions Ensemble simulation Ensemble simulations Eocene Extinction Field measurements Forest Gas transfer Graphics Greece Greenhouse Greenhouse gas Growing season degreee days Guangzhou Herald Canyon High Arctic Himalaya Hisar Historical Holocene Homogenized data Hydroclimate Hydrogen isotope composition Icebreaker Oden India Indo-Gangetic Plain Instrumental temperature data Isotopes Isotopologues Kara Sea Laptev Sea Last millennium Lidar Light absorption Lomonosov Ridge Longwave radiation spectra MAC365 Manora Peak Marine Marine Heat Flow Marine geology Mass absorption Mass absorption cross-section​ Maximum temperature Mean temperature Meridional overturning circulation Meteorological model data Meteorology Methane Microclimate Micrometeorological data Micrometeorology Microsensor Minimum temperature Model-data comparison Monthly data Monthly maximum temperature Monthly minimum temperature Northern Hemisphere Northern hemisphere Ocean Ocean acidification Oceanography Oden Optical properties Oxygen isotope composition PM2.5 Paleoceanography Paleoclimate reconstruction Peloponnese Plant macrofossils Pleistocene Position and speed Precipitation Precipitation intensity Precipitation type Profiles RCP Radiation Radiocarbon Radiosonde Radiosoundings Reconstruction Regional climate models Relative humidity Remote sensing SWERUS-C3 SWERUS-C3 expedition Salinity Scattering coefficient Scattering enhancement factor Sea ice Seawater temperature Sedimentology Seismoacoustic Shanghai Ship log Ship navigation Snow Snow depth Source apportionment South Asia Stable carbon isotope Stockholm Sub-bottom profiling Summer temperature Surface energy budget Surface water Sweden Temperature Tethered sonde profiles Tibet Topoclimate Transport modeling Turbulence Turbulent fluxes Ultraviolet radiation Vertical profiles Visibility Visualization Water isotope composition Weather Weather forecast Weather observations Weather station Weather stations Wildfire Wind profilers Younger Dryas iButton Ångström exponent