Tarfala Data


Storglaciären was first documented by Svenonius who photographed the glacier in 1886 (Svenonius 1910). A few years later the glacer was mapped by the authority of Land Survey. In 1897 the front position was surveyed by Nordgren and Rönnholm for the first time using measuring tape from two marked stones. The front was photographed again in 1904 and 1907 by Borg Mesch. These early photographs show an advancing front. In August 1910 the glacier was mapped using a photogrammetric theodolite by Enquist. Enquist constructed a map in the scale 1:10 000 of the fronts of the glaciers in the Tarfala valley. In 1922 the glacier was photographed again by Odencrantz. His and Enquists photos were later used to construct a map of the Kebnekaise massif in the scale 1:50 000 (STF, 1925). Herrman made a detailed description of the front area and took photographs showing a thinning snout (Herrman, 1931). Between 1930 and 1945 the front was visited a few times in order to survey the change in front position (Mannerfelt, 1940).

Monitoring data

In May 1946 the first survey of snow accumulation was carried out (Schytt, 1947). This survey was the initiation of a long-term investigation of the mass balance of Storglaciären. Since then, detailed surveys of accumulation and ablation are carried out every year by Tarfala Research Station and the mass balance record is the longest in the world.

Time series

Winter mass balance, summer mass balance, net mass balance, equilibrium line altitude and ackumulation area ratio are available as time series in a single file.

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Annual mass balance data

All annual mass balance data files, one file for each year.

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Data file and figure files in EPS format for a single year.

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A graph of the Storglaciären mass balance record. White bars represent the winter balance and grey bars the summer balance. The net balance is given as blue for postive and red for negative.


Gletscherstudien im Kebnekaise-Gebiet (Schwed. Lappland)
Herrmann E.
Zeitschrift für Gletscherkunde, Vol. 19 (1931), pp. 263–284.
The Tarfala mass balance program
Holmlund, P. and Jansson, P.
Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, Vol. 81, No. 4 (1999), pp. 621–631.
Fifty years of mass balance and glacier front observations at the Tarfala research station
Holmlund, P. Karlén, W. and Grudd, H.
Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, Vol. 78, No. 2/3 (1996), pp. 105–114.
A re-analysis of the 58 year mass balance record of Storglaciären, Sweden
Holmlund, P., Jansson, P. and Pettersson, R.
Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 42 (2005), pp. 389–394. DOI:10.3189/172756405781812547
Effects of uncertainties in measured variables on the calculated mass balance of Storglaciären
Jansson, P.
Geografiska Annaler: Series A, Physical Geography, Vol. 81, No. 4 (1999), pp. 633–642.
Spatial and temporal characteristics of a long mass balance record, Storglaciären, Sweden
Jansson, P. and Pettersson, R.
Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, Vol. 39, No. 3 (2007). DOI:10.1657/1523-0430(06-041)[jansson]2.0.co;2
Storglaciärens tillbakagång i Kebnekaise
Mannerfelt, C. M:son.
Ymer, Vol. 60, No. 1 (1940).
Glaciologiska arbeten i Kebnekajse
Schytt, V.
Ymer, Vol. 67, No. 1 (1940), pp. 18–42.
Die gletscher Schwedens im Jahre 1908
Svenonius F.
Sveriges Geologiska Undersökningar (SGU) serie Ca, Vol. 5, Part I (1910), pp. 1–54.

Storglaciären, east of Kebnekaise. Photo: Per Holmlund.

Location (WGS84)67°54'N, 18°34'E
Areal extension3.0 km2