Search results

307 datasets found

Atmosphere

Aerosols

Absorption coefficient for urban background air, Stockholm, December 2018

The dataset includes three parallel absorption coefficient measurements by two different types of instruments: one Multi-Angle Absorption Photometer (MAAP) and...

Aerosol and droplet size distributions and concentrations measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol and droplet size distributions and concentrations were measured by a Forward Scattering Spectrometer Probe (model FSSP-100). The FSSP was installed on...

Aerosol light scattering coefficients and scattering enhancement factors at 26 globally distributed stations 1998⁠ – ⁠2017

This dataset presents the time series of aerosol (total and back) light scattering, and scattering enhancement factors measured with in situ tandem humidified...

Aerosol light scattering properties at Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, 1999⁠ – ⁠2016, with back trajectory analysis parameters

The dataset was created to aid the investigation of long-term trends in aerosol light scattering properties using a unique data record of key aerosol optical...

Aerosol optical properties from ten earth system models for the year 2010

This dataset presents the time series of modeled aerosol optical properties (light absorption and extinction) from ten earth system models. The dataset...

Aerosol particle number size distribution data collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol particle number size distributions in the size range 10⁠ – 921 nm were measured with a custom built differential mobility particle sizer (DMPS)...

Air pollution status and sources of black carbon aerosols in Nairobi, Kenya

The dataset includes year-round concentration of PM2.5 fine particles and its constituents, together with radio-carbon (Δ¹⁴C) signatures of black carbon...

Arctic cloud and aerosol measurements from Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, November 2015 to February 2018

The dataset includes cloud, aerosol and meteorological data from Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, for the period 27 November 2015 to 4 February 2018. This...

Black carbon concentrations and carbon isotope signatures for Delhi, 2011

The dataset includes concentrations, stable carbon isotope signatures (δ¹³C) and radiocarbon signatures of elemental carbon (EC — thermal-optical tracer...

Black carbon concentrations and carbon isotope signatures for three sites in China, January 2013

The dataset includes concentrations, stable carbon isotope signatures (δ¹³C) and radiocarbon signatures of elemental carbon (EC - thermal-optical tracer of...

Black carbon isotope signatures from Himalaya and Tibet

Carbon isotope signatures of Elemental Carbon (EC) from aerosols and snow pits collected in Himalaya and Tibet during 2013/2014.

Chemical composition of aerosol particles at Mt. Åreskutan, Sweden

The chemical composition of atmospheric particulate matter at Mt. Åreskutan, a mountaintop site in central Sweden, was analysed with a focus on its...

Chemical composition of semi-volatile aerosol collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

This data set contains molecular-level chemical composition of the semi-volatile fraction (evaporating at ≤ 200 °C) of aerosol particles collected onto...

Cloud droplet residual and aerosol measurements from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The dataset includes cloud droplet residual and whole-air aerosol particle number size distributions from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition, for a selected set...

Cloud water samples obtained in summertime during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

This dataset contains results from analyses of chemical composition for elevated clouds in the pristine high Arctic, obtained with a miniaturised cloud water...

Clustered aerosol particle size distributions at Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, 2002⁠ – ⁠2010

The dataset is a composition of longterm aerosol observations from Zeppelin Observatory, Svalbard, available on the database EBAS and a cluster analysis of...

Coarse-mode particle number size distribution data collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol particle number size distributions in the size range 0.15⁠ – ⁠10 micrometre were measured with a white-light aerosol spectrometer (WELAS)...

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Abisko, Sweden, September 2011 to March 2013

Data of high-volume PM2.5 and TSP aerosol samples, measured in Abisko, northern Sweden. The data cover 18 months of consecutive sampling. Sampling duration is...

Concentration and carbon isotope data of elemental carbon aerosols, Svalbard, Jan–Mar 2009

Data of high-volume PM10 aerosol samples, during high pollution events, measured at the Zeppelin Observatory, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard. Further, radiocarbon and...

Concentration of particles larger than 2.5 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The concentration of particles larger than 2.5 nm was measured with an ultrafine condensation particle counter (UCPC). The concentration was corrected for...

Data from a modelling study on the importance of Aitken mode particles for cloud sustenance in the high Arctic

This dataset presents the model output from two large-eddy simulation models. The model simulations were performed with the aim to investigate the importance...

Dual carbon isotope (Δ¹⁴C and δ¹³C) data for Hisar and Manora Peak, northern India

Blank corrected radiocarbon and stable carbon isotope data for the TSP aerosols collected during a winter (Dec, 2004) land campaign at Hisar and Manora Peak,...

Equivalent black carbon concentration measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Equivalent black carbon (eBC) concentration was measured using a multi-angle absorption photometer (MAAP, Thermo Scientific Inc., Model 5012, Germany)....

Frequent new particle formation over the high Arctic pack ice by enhanced iodine emissions, ancillary data

This dataset contains a collection of ancillary data that were used for the publication Frequent new particle formation over the high Arctic pack ice by...

Laboratory data on the effect of salinity and temperature on sea spray aerosol production

This dataset was created in a series of laboratory experiments to investigate the role of salinity and temperature on aerosol production and surface bubble...

Light absorbtion properties of Brown Carbon in the South Asian outflow in winter 2016

This dataset provides the mass-absorption cross section at 365 nm and the corresponding absorption Ångström exponent, stable carbon isotope signature of...

Mask to identify polluted periods during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Aerosol and trace gas measurements are strongly affected by the ship exhaust and other human activities (e.g., helicopter flights). Therefore, it is important...

Observation (carbon isotopes) and model data for Arctic black carbon, Tiksi, Russia, April 2012 to March 2014

Data of high-volume total suspended particles (TSP) aerosol samples, measured in Tiksi, Northeast Siberia, Russia. The data cover ~24 months of consecutive...

Physical and chemical properties of aerosol particles and cloud residuals on Mt. Åreskutan in Central Sweden during summer 2014

The size distribution, volatility and hygroscopicity of ambient aerosols and cloud residuals were measured with a differential mobility particle sizer (DMPS)...

Profiles of aerosol optical properties measured during CAESAR 2014 at Åre, Sweden

This dataset provides profile measurements of aerosol optical properties (aerosol backscatter and extinction coefficient) using Raman lidar technique. The...

Simulated surface-level particle number concentrations over Europe, May 2008, using regional chemical transport model PMCAMx-UF

We present simulated data that represent a prediction of the particle number concentrations over Europe, during May 2008. The scientific motivation is that...

Size distribution of aerosol particles between 2.5 and 920 nm measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The aerosol size distribution was obtained combining measurements from a neutral and air ion spectrometer (NAIS) with a differential mobility particle sizer...

Size distribution of interstitial and total particles between 18 and 660 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The aerosol size distribution was measured with a custom made scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), range 18⁠ – ⁠660 nm. Aerosols are important...

Size distribution of neutral and charged particles smaller than 42 nm collected during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The size distribution of neutral and charged particles was measured using a neutral cluster and air ion spectrometer (NAIS) instrument. The concentration was...

Size-resolved absorption coefficient of ambient aerosol at Stockholm University, January to February 2019

The data describe the absorption coefficient of ambient aerosol at Stockholm University over a size range. Therefore a Multi-Angle Absorption Photometer (MAAP)...

Temperature and energy transport for idealized NorESM slab-ocean simulations for modified mid-latitude SO₂ aerosol emissions

This dataset contains temperature and horizontal heat convergence output from four different climate modelling simulations using a slab-ocean setup for the...

Ultrafine aerosol composition measured in summertime during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

These results are chemical composition of Aitken mode (~20-70 nm) particles collected near the North Pole during August – ⁠September 2018, using in...

Ultrafine particle concentration measured during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

The ultrafine particle (UFP) concentration is the concentration of particles having a diameter between 2.5 and 15 nm, it is reported in terms of particle...

Clouds

All-Sky cloud imager data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

An all-sky cloud imager consists of a polished half-spherical dome mirror with a camera on top looking down. The camera takes images of the dome, which...

Ceilometer backscatter and cloud base height measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

Ceilometer backscatter, cloud base height and cloud fraction data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of cloud base height, cloud fraction and backscatter profiles. The dataset provides rare high quality meteorological observations from sea-ice...

Ceilometer backscatter, cloud base height and cloud fraction data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of cloud base height, cloud fraction and backscatter profiles. The dataset provides rare high quality meteorological observations from sea-ice...

Ceilometer measurements, FMI, from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

Cloudnet remote sensing retrievals of cloud properties during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

This dataset consists of a range of output products from the Cloudnet algorithm. Cloudnet combines cloud radar, ceilometer, microwave radiometer, and...

Cloudnet remote sensing retrievals of cloud properties from the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

This dataset consists of a range of output products from the Cloudnet algorithm. Cloudnet combines cloud radar, ceilometer, microwave radiometer, and...

Dual-channel microwave radiometer measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Vertically integrated water vapor (PWV) and cloud liquid water (LWP) was measured using a microwave radiometer, simultaneously observing the microwave...

Meteorological observations during the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition 2014 and colocated regional climate model output

Observations of the atmospheric thermodynamic structure, wind profiles and surface energy budget components from the Eastern Arctic Ocean in July through early...

Millimeter cloud radar Doppler moments measurements from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Cloud information data was collected using a ship-based vertically pointing millimeter cloud radar (MMCR), which is a Doppler radar at the Ka-band,...

Multi-sensor cloud microphysics product from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

This data set includes retrievals of cloud type, characteristic particle size, and condensed water content for both liquid and ice hydrometeors. These...

Oden ceilometer cloud data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The height to the lowest cloud base, or to more than one cloud base in the case when the lowest cloud layer does not cover the whole sky, was measured by three...

S-band radar data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Cloud and precipitation information data was collected using a ship-based vertically pointing Doppler radar at the S-band, adapted to primarily measure...

Observations

Micrometeorological data from an ice-floe adjacent to an open lead during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Air-sea fluxes of momentum, heat and CO₂, associated micrometeorological and mean meteorological and ocean surface variables. Fluxes are derived from fast...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the Arctic Ocean 2016 (AO2016) expedition to the central...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the Arctic Ocean 2018 (AO2018, also referred to as...

Navigation, meteorological and surface seawater data from the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

Measurements from icebreaker Oden’s navigation, meteorological and surface seawater systems from the SWERUS-C3 expedition to the Eastern Arctic Ocean in July...

Ozone soundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Profiles of ozone concentration were measured by a Vaisala add-on ozone sonde, for a few of the radiosoundings launched from the helipad of the Icebreaker Oden.

Radioactivity soundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Profiles of radioactivity were measured by a Vaisala add-on radioactivity sonde for a few of the radiosoundings, measuring Geiger–Müller tube count rates...

Weather and navigation data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The Icebreaker Oden's weather station was mostly located on the 7th deck about 27 m above sea level, on top of the bridge. Sensors were distributed over the...

Temperature

High resolution temperature maps for a boreal forest area in central Sweden 2015–2016

Grids of monthly minimum and maximum temperatures are presented at 25 m resolution for a boreal forest area of ~16 000 km2 in central Sweden (including parts...

High resolution topoclimate maps over Sweden

High spatial resolution (50 m grain-size) gridded maps of 10 years period (2000-2010) of monthly means, min and max temperature, and a map of Growing Degree...

Late-glacial European summer temperature reconstruction

The dataset provides a compilation of quantitative European summer temperature reconstructions for the late-glacial periods of the Bølling-Allerød...

Marine-Atmospheric Emitted Radiance Interferometer from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

During the ASCOS expedition the temperatures of the cloud-base, ambient air, and surface were very accurately measured using the Marine-Atmospheric Emitted...

Northern Hemisphere 2,000-year temperature reconstruction

Northern Hemisphere temperature reconstruction for the past 2,000 years by combining low-resolution proxies with tree-ring data, using a wavelet transform...

Northern Hemisphere extra-tropics 2,000-year decadal temperature reconstruction

Multi-proxy temperature reconstruction for the extra-tropical Northern Hemisphere (90–30°N) during the last two millennia based on 30 palaeotemperature...

Radiometer data from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

High resolution (in time and space) vertical profiles of temperature were obtained from a 60GHz scanning microwave radiometer. The radiometer measures the...

Simulated seasonal temperatures 850–2005 for the seven PAGES 2k regions derived from the CESM last millennium ensemble

Simulated surface air temperature data derived from the Last Millennium Ensemble with the Community Earth System Model (CESM) version 1.1, for the period AD...

Stockholm winter/spring 500-year temperature reconstruction

Historical documentary sources, reflecting different port activities in Stockholm, are used along with the instrumental temperature record to derive a...

Warming stripes — visualisations of annual temperature series from the Nordic countries

Ongoing climate change is a complex problem and communicating it to a general audience often requires short and simple explanations. Warming stripes refer to...

Weather observations

Meteorological observations from Sherard Osborn Fjord, Northern Greenland, measured onboard icebreaker Oden, August 2019

This data set consists of air temperature, wind speed, wind direction, sea surface temperature, and precipitation recordings taken once per minute from the...

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding World Meteorological Organization (WMO) weather codes. The dataset...

Present weather sensor visibility and precipitation data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of visibility, precipitation type and intensity, and the corresponding the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) weather codes. The dataset...

Radiosonde data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Atmospheric profile measurements of temperature, humidity, pressure and wind speed from radiosonde (Vaisala RS92) weather balloons. Data also include...

Radiosoundings from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Radiosoundings were launched every six hours (00, 06, 12 & 18UTC), and additionally before each helicopter flight (if not at one of the normal times), using...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. This is one of the world's longest records of...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Air pressure

Data for air pressure at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. Over time, different barometers have been used and measurements...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Air temperature

Data for air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. The data are available both with, and without, adjustments...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Barometer observations in original units since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains individual...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Daily mean air temperatures since 1756

Data for daily mean air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1756 are provided. Three variants of the data are available: (i)...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Maximum snow depth each winter since 1904/05

This dataset contains observed maximum snow depth in each winter from the winter season 1904/05 through 2018/19 at the old astronomical observatory in...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Monthly mean air temperatures since 1756

Data for monthly mean air temperatures at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm from 1756 until 2020 are provided. The dataset also contains annual...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Observation times since 1756

This dataset provides information about the time points when weather observations were made each day (morning, noon, evening) during 1756⁠⁠ – 2018 at...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Sub-daily cloud amount since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains estimated...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Sub-daily sea level pressure since 1756

Data for sub-daily sea level pressure (SLP) at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm are provided for the period 1756⁠ – 2012. Three SLP...

Stockholm Historical Weather Observations — Thermometer observations since 1756

Weather observations have been made continuously at the old astronomical observatory in Stockholm since 1754. The dataset provided here contains individual air...

Tethersonde mean meteorology from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

In-situ boundary-layer meteorological observations were made from the ice using sensors hanging under a tethered balloon which was quasi-continuously winched...

Visibility and present weather observations from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

Visibility data was collected using a Vaisala visibility sensor based on forward scattered laser light deployed on the aft starboard side on the 7th deck of...

Weather data from MISU weather station during Ryder 2019 and Northwest passage 2019 expeditions

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, surface...

Weather data from MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from the MISU weather station during the SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean expedition in 2014

Measurements of near-surface wind speed and direction, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, shortwave and longwave downwelling radiation, and surface...

Weather data from WeatherPak station from the high-Arctic ASCOS expedition 2008

The WeatherPak station is an integrated unit mounted approximately mid-ship on the forward railing on the Icebreaker Oden's 7th deck about 27 m above sea...

Lacustrine

Sediment cores

Clay-varve data for the Younger Dryas and Preboreal in the Middle Swedish Ice Marginal Zone

A clay-varve chronology which covers the later part of the Younger Dryas stadial has been established in the easternmost part of the Middle Swedish Ice...

Clay-varve data sets for southeastern Sweden

Glacial varve thickness diagrams for Blekinge, Småland, Östergötland och Västergötland.

Geochemistry XRF core scanning data of gyttja sediments from an Eemian Paleolake at Sokli, Northern Finland

Eemian paleolake gyttja sediments from Sokli in northern Finland were scanned with an ITRAX XRF Core Scanner. Data was acquired for Si, S, K, Ca, Ti, Mn, Fe,...

Holocene multi-proxy and multi-core data set for Lake Kumphawapi in northern Thailand

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, magnetic susceptibility, geochemistry, biomarkers, diatom counts and percentages, biogenic silica, grain size, major...

Lateglacial and early Holocene environmental changes from Lake Medvedevskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetics, radiocarbon dates, diatom counts, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of...

Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-core and multi-proxy data set for the ancient lake at Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden

Complete multi-proxy data set for cores #1 to cores #6 from Hässeldala Port, southern Sweden (63 m a.s.l.) including: Lithostratigraphy, geochemistry, tephra,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene multi-proxy data set for the ancient lake at Atteköpsmosse, southern Sweden

Lithostratigraphy, tephra, geochemistry, biomarkers, hydrogen isotopes, radiocarbon dates, age model, chironomid counts and percentages, pollen counts and...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pastorskoye, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, pollen counts, percentages and concentrations for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Lake Pastorskoye, Karelian Isthmus,...

Lateglacial and early Holocene paleoenvironmental changes from ancient Lake Steregoiu, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Steregoiu in...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from ancient Lake Preluca Tiganului, Romania

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, loss-on-ignition, and radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment sequence of the ancient Lake Preluca...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Chashnitsy, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Nero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Pichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, geochemistry, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Tambichozero, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, organic carbon, grain size, pollen, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment and peat bog...

Lateglacial and Holocene paleoenvironmental change data from Lake Zaozer'e, Russia

Lithostratigraphy, mineral magnetic measurements, bulk sediment carbon, nitrogen and sulfur, together with radiocarbon dates for the lacustrine sediment...

Multi-proxy dataset from Les Échets, France

¹⁴C dates, OSL dates, mineral magnetic, grain size, geochemistry, pollen and diatom data for the lacustrine sediment sequence of Les Échets in France...

Multi-proxy record from Lake Pa Kho of Late Holocene climatic and environmental changes in northern Thailand

Lithostratigraphy, radiocarbon dates, age model, geochemistry, biogenic silica, major elements, biomarkers of a peat sequence from Lake Pa Kho in northern...

Multi-proxy sediment record from Lake Pa Kho reconstructing MIS-3 climatic and environmental changes in northern Thailand

The sediments from Lake Pa Kho in northern Thailand constitute a unique climatic archive since they allow recording climate and environmental changes between...

Organic geochemical data including leaf wax hydrogen isotopes from Sokli, Northern Finland

The dataset contains bulk geochemical data (TOC, TN, bulk δ¹³C and δ¹⁵N), leaf wax concentrations and their hydrogen isotope composition, from the...

Paleoenvironmental data from Lake Chilau, southern Mozambique, inferring savanna and lake level dynamics in the last 7700 years

This data set contains proxy data from a paleoenvironment reconstruction study covering the last 7700 years in southern Mozambique, derived from fossil...

Temperature and hydrological data for the last 18,000 years from Lake Nong Thale Prong, Southern Thailand

Data from a sediment core from Nong Thale Prong, Southern Thailand, including radiocarbon data, plant macrofossil and charcoal data, bulk geochemistry, leaf...

Marine

Arctic carbon

Biomarker and bulk organic carbon data for surface sediments across the Laptev Sea

This dataset was compiled for a study that aims to assess the fate of terrestrial organic carbon in the Arctic marine environment by exploring how it changes...

Bulk organic carbon and biomarker data for the marine sediment core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1, Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean

This dataset was created to reconstruct the historical remobilization of permafrost carbon from the Beringian landmass to the Chukchi Sea. We analyzed carbon...

Bulk organic carbon, isotopes and terrigenous biomarkers for the marine sediment core SWERUS-L2-31-PC1

This dataset contains biochemical data analyzed in the sediment core SWERUS-L2-31-PC1, an archive spanning over the past 27,000 years recovered from the...

Centennial-scale sediment records of organic matter supply and degradation status from the East Siberian Sea

Bulk properties (organic carbon content, nitrogen content, mineral surface area, stable and radiocarbon isotopes), as well as biomarker concentrations (lignin...

Cross-shelf transport time and degradation rates for terrestrial organic matter in the Laptev Sea

This dataset contains compound-specific radiocarbon dates for long-chain fatty acids (specific terrestrial biomarkers) along a 600-km transect from the Lena...

Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentrations and its optical properties in the Laptev and East Siberian Seas 2003–2011

This dataset was compiled for a study that aims to assess spatial and interannual distributions of chromophoric dissolved organic matter in the Laptev and East...

Isotope data (Δ¹⁴C, δ¹³C and δD) for dissolved methane at the Outer Eurasian Arctic Shelf

Isotope data for dissolved methane determined in samples collected from vertical and bottom-water horizontal casts in the outer Laptev Sea. The data was...

Lithology and thermal data from subsea permafrost drillcores of the SE Laptev Sea

Lithology and thermal data from four drill cores used in a study that documents current rates and mechanisms of subsea permafrost degradation in the East...

Organic carbon data from the Eurasian Arctic Shelf

Percentage of permafrost organic carbon resequestered by iron oxides in the Eurasian Arctic Shelf. Overall, the 15 ± 5% in the Laptev Sea and 6.4 ± 5% in...

Seawater Carbonate System, Ocean Acidification and Related Parameters in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf Seas

This dataset builds on an order of magnitude more observations than reports to date on Ocean Acidification (OA) in the Arctic Ocean; and, for the first time in...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Carbon, nitrogen and isotopes in sediment cores of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains data for sediment cores across the Arctic Ocean, which are divided...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Carbon, nitrogen, isotopes and biomarkers in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains carbon data of surface sediments across the Arctic Ocean. Surface...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — CASCADE

The Circum-Arctic Sediment CArbon DatabasE (CASCADE) was established to curate data on concentrations of organic carbon (OC) and total nitrogen (TN), OC...

The Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database — Gridded carbon, nitrogen and isotope data in surface sediments of the Arctic Ocean

This dataset is part of the Circum-Arctic Sediment Carbon Database (CASCADE) and contains gridded data of organic carbon (OC), total nitrogen (TN) and OC...

Bathymetry

Calculated seafloor ruggedness index (TRI) of the Baltic Sea

Terrain ruggedness index (TRI) of the Baltic Sea floor calculated using the European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet) 2019 bathymetric grid as a...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition AGAVE, Arctic Ocean, 2007

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the central Artic Ocean with a main focus on the Gakkel Ridge. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition ASCOS, Arctic Ocean, 2008

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the central Arctic Ocean, starting and ending in Longyearbyen, Svalbard. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition EAGER, Arctic Ocean, 2011

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Arctic Ocean waters off Northeast Greenland. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition LOMROG III, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2012

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the central Arctic Ocean, around the North Pole and along the Lomonosov Ridge towards Northern Greenland. High-resolution...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition LOMROG II, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2009

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Arctic Ocean waters around the North Pole and off North Greenland, partly above the Lomonosov Ridge. High-resolution...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition LOMROG, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2007

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the central Arctic Ocean over sections of the southern Lomonosov Ridge off Northern Greenland, the Morris Jesup Rise and...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition NEGC, Arctic Ocean, 2008

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Arctic Ocean waters off North Greenland. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example, general...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition OATRC, Arctic Ocean, 2012

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the Fram Strait in the Arctic Ocean. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example, general...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition OATRC, Arctic Ocean, 2013

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the Arctic Ocean waters northeast of Greenland. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2007–2008

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Southern Ocean waters off west Antarctica. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2010

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Southern Ocean waters off West Antarctica. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2010–2011

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Southern Ocean waters off West Antarctica. High-resolution bathymetry data are is commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition SAS, Arctic Ocean, 2021

Multibeam bathymetry from the central Arctic Ocean, including parts of Amundsen Basin, Nansen Basin, the North Pole, Lomonosov Ridge, Morris Jesup Rise and the...

High-resolution bathymetry data from expedition SWERUS-C3 Leg 2, Arctic Ocean, 2014

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the East Siberian Arctic Ocean and adjacent deep waters off the continental shelf. More specifically, mapped areas include...

High-resolution bathymetry data from Sea acceptance test, Arctic Ocean, 2008 and 2009

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in Arctic Ocean waters off Northwest Svalbard. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to study, for example,...

High-resolution bathymetry data from the Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the Arctic Ocean, mainly in the Amundsen Basin and in areas around the underwater mountain ranges Lomonosov Ridge and Alpha...

High-resolution bathymetry data from the Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition

Multibeam bathymetry from areas in the central Arctic Ocean, starting and ending in Tromsø, Norway. High-resolution bathymetry data are commonly used to...

High-resolution bathymetry from expedition Petermann, Northwest Greenland, 2015

Multibeam bathymetry from seafloor off northwestern sector of the Greenland Ice Sheet, where Petermann Glacier drains into Nares Strait. The data reveal...

High-resolution bathymetry from the Ryder 2019 expedition to Northwest Greenland

Multibeam bathymetry from coastal waters along Northwestern Greenland, from Thule in the south to Sherard Osborn Fjord in the north. More specifically, mapped...

International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO)

The goal of this initiative is to develop a digital data base that contains all available bathymetric data north of 64° North, for use by mapmakers,...

Multibeam bathymetry from Fifång Deep and Asköfjärden, southern Stockholm archipelago

Multibeam bathymetry collected from Asköfjärden and Fifång Deep, east of Askö Island in southern Stockholm archipelago. Detailed information about the...

Multibeam bathymetry from southeast of Tvärminne Zoological Station in southern Finland archipelago

Multibeam bathymetry showing submarine terraces in the seafloor southeast of Tvärminne Zoological Station in southern Finland archipelago. Detailed...

Expedition

Data from expedition AGAVE, Arctic Ocean, 2007

The AGAVE (Arctic Gakkel Vents) expedition was carried out during summer 2007 in the central Artic Ocean with a main focus on mapping and sampling the Gakkel...

Data from expedition Arctic Ocean, 2016

The Arctic Ocean 2016 expedition was carried out during summer 2016 in the Arctic Ocean, mainly in the Amundsen Basin and in areas around the underwater...

Data from expedition Arctic Ocean, 2018

The Arctic Ocean 2018 expedition was carried out during summer 2018 in the central Arctic Ocean. With the Swedish icebreaker Oden serving as the research...

Data from expedition ASCOS, Arctic Ocean, 2008

The ASCOS (Arctic Summer Cloud Ocean Study) expedition was carried out during summer 2008 in high-latitude areas in the Arctic Ocean. With the Swedish...

Data from expedition EAGER, Arctic Ocean, 2011

The EAGER (East Greenland Ridge) expedition was carried out during summer 2011 in Arctic Ocean waters off Northeast Greenland. With the Swedish icebreaker...

Data from expedition LOMROG III, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2012

The LOMROG III (Lomonosov Ridge off Greenland) expedition was carried out during summer 2012 in the central Arctic Ocean, around the North Pole and along the...

Data from expedition LOMROG II, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2009

The LOMROG II (Lomonosov Ridge off Greenland) expedition was carried out during summer 2009 in Arctic Ocean waters around the North Pole and off North...

Data from expedition LOMROG, Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean, 2007

The LOMROG (Lomonosov Ridge off Greenland) 2007 expedition was carried out during summer of 2007. The expedition worked in the central Arctic Ocean over...

Data from expedition NEGC, Arctic Ocean, 2008

The NEGC (North East Greenland Coring) expedition was carried out during summer 2008 in Arctic Ocean waters off North Greenland. With the Swedish icebreaker...

Data from expedition OATRC, Arctic Ocean, 2012

The OATRC (Oden Arctic Technology Research Cruise) 2012 expedition was carried out during summer 2012 in the Fram Strait in the Arctic Ocean. With the...

Data from expedition OATRC, Arctic Ocean, 2013

The OATRC (Oden Arctic Technology Research Cruise) 2013 expedition was carried out during summer 2013 in Arctic Ocean waters northeast of Greenland. With...

Data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2007⁠ – ⁠2008

The Oden Southern Ocean (OSO) 2007/08 expedition was carried out during austral summer 2007/08 in Southern Ocean waters off West Antarctica. With the...

Data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2010

The OSO (Oden Southern Ocean) 2009/10 expedition was carried out during austral summer 2009/10 in Southern Ocean waters off West Antarctica. With the...

Data from expedition OSO, Southern Ocean, 2010⁠ – ⁠2011

The OSO (Oden Southern Ocean) 2010/11 expedition was carried out during austral summer 2010/11 in Southern Ocean waters off West Antarctica. With the...

Data from expedition Petermann, off North Greenland, 2015

The Petermann 2015 expedition was carried out during summer 2015 in the Nares Strait off Northwestern Greenland. The main target was the Petermann Fjord where...

Data from expedition Ryder, off North Greenland, 2019

The Ryder 2019 Expedition was carried out during summer 2019 in the Arctic Ocean off Northwest Greenland. The main target was Sherard Osborn Fjord where Ryder...

Data from expedition SAS, Arctic Ocean, 2021

The Synoptic Arctic Survey (SAS) 2021 expedition was carried out during summer 2021 in the Arctic Ocean, covering a large area including parts of Amundsen...

Data from expeditions SAT, Arctic Ocean, 2008 and 2009

The SAT (Sea Acceptance Test) expeditions were carried out during summers 2008 and 2009 in Arctic Ocean waters off Northwest Svalbard. The main goal of...

Data from expedition SWERUS-C3, Arctic Ocean, 2014

The SWERUS-C3 (Swedish – Russian – US Arctic Ocean Investigation of Climate-Cryosphere-Carbon Interactions) expedition was carried out during the summer of...

Oden data repository

Collection of data acquired at the Swedish icebreaker Oden during 19 expeditions held between 2007 and 2021, of which 16 went to the Arctic Ocean and 3 to the...

Sediment cores

Age model and physical properties of sediment from the Arctic Siberian margin, core SWERUS-L2-31PC

Age model and sedimentological data for a marine sediment core collected on the Lomonosov Ridge adjoining the East Siberian shelf, Arctic Ocean. The dataset...

Amino acid racemization data from the Yermak Plateau, Arctic Ocean, 0⁠ – 227 ka

The dataset contains data on the extent of racemization and concentration of amino acids in well-dated foraminifera samples (0⁠ – 227 ka) from the...

Bulk sediment records from ODP Site 851, eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean

The data comprise coarse fraction concentrations, carbonate content and carbon and oxygen stable isotopes (δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O) of deep-sea sediment samples...

Carbonate content, carbon and oxygen stable isotopes of bulk sediment from the eastern equatorial Pacific

The data consist of carbonate content and carbon and oxygen stable isotope composition of bulk sediment samples deposited since the late Miocene (~7 Ma) at the...

Eocene-Oligocene age planktonic and benthic foraminifera oxygen and carbon stable isotopes from the NKK-1 borehole, central Java

This data set involves geochemical paleoceanographic proxy records from a borehole drilled in the Nanggulan region of central Java, Indonesia, and includes...

Foraminiferal data, XRF counts and age model options of sediment core AO16-8GC from the Alpha Ridge, Arctic Ocean

The dataset contains foraminiferal data (relative abundance of species), X-ray fluorescence (XRF) counts (Mn, Zr , and Mn/Zr ratio), and two age model options...

Geochemical XRF core scanning data of marine sediment cores from the Ryder 2019 expedition

Relative geochemical elemental abundances of marine sediment cores collected during the Ryder 2019 Expedition to northwestern Greenland and the Lincoln...

In-situ Temperature, Thermal Conductivity and Heat Flow of East Siberian Margin Sediments

Summary of published data used to calculate marine heat flow at sediment coring stations on SWERUS-C3-L2 in 2014. The data file includes A.) Summary table of...

Late Holocene paleomagnetic secular variation records of sediment cores SWERUS-L2-2-PC1 and SWERUS-L2-4-PC1 from the Chukchi Sea

Geomagnetic field directions (inclination and declination) are reconstructed for two sediment cores for the past 4200 years. The sediment cores were collected...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-2-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 8.2 m. Coring site:...

Marine sediment core data from Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean, core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1

Data from sediment core SWERUS-L2-4-PC1. The core was collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014. Core length: 6.1 m. Coring site:...

Marine sediment core data from De Long Trough, Siberian margin and slope, Arctic Ocean

Sediment core data from four sites in the East Siberian Sea, Arctic Ocean. The cores were collected during the SWERUS-C3 expedition with icebreaker Oden 2014....

Marine sediment core data from the Lomonosov Ridge off Greenland, Arctic Ocean

Sedimentological data from six marine sediment cores collected from the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean. The sediment cores were collected on two separate...

North Atlantic Eocene Oligocene foraminiferal stable isotope and Mg/Ca proxy data

Benthic and planktic foraminifera oxygen and carbon stable isotope measurements from four North Atlantic deep sea drill sites from the late Eocene to early...

Paleoceanographic proxy data sets from the Eocene-Oligocene boundary interval of ODP Site 1218, eastern Equatorial Pacific

Paleoceanographic proxy records from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1218 in the eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP): (1) stable isotope (δ¹⁸O and δ¹³C)...

Paleoceanographic sediment data from IODP Site U1338 and DSDP Site 573

Data comprise bulk and fine fraction C and O stable isotopes, carbonate content, coarse fraction content, age and depths of samples from IODP Site U1338 and...

Physical properties and age model of sediment core SWERUS-L2-29-GC1 from the Lomonosov Ridge, Arctic Ocean

The dataset contains physical properties, age model, selected palaeo- and rock magnetic data, and X-ray fluorescence (XRF) counts from a sediment core...

Physical properties of marine sediment cores from the Ryder 2019 expedition

Bulk Density and magnetic susceptibility measurements performed on 25 marine sediment cores collected during the Ryder 2019 Expedition to northwestern...

Sediment core data for the Heinrich 0 event on the east Canadian Margin

Data series of Ca/Sr, CaCO₃, TOC, Calcite, Dolomite, Grayscale, and selected biomarkers from sediment core AI07–14G from Placentia Bay, Newfoundland. The...

The 3.6 ka Aniakchak tephra in marine sediments from the Chukchi Sea, Arctic Ocean

The eruption of the Alaskan Aniakchak volcano of 3.6 thousand years ago was one of the largest Holocene eruptions worldwide. The resulting ash is found in...

Terrestrial

Hydrology

Fennoscandian hydroclimate proxies for the last 2000 years

This is a collection of Fennoscandian proxy data based on multi-proxy sedimentary records expected to reflect the moisture and drought conditions on millennial...

Global root zone storage capacity from satellite-based evaporation

This dataset includes global root zone storage capacity (a.k.a., soil water storage capacity) derived from satellite-based evaporation and precipitation data....

Global social-ecological regions with potential for crop production increase with water harvesting

This spatial dataset contains raster files for 6 spatial archetypes representing social-ecological regions — archetypes of water harvesting regions (AWHR)...

Hydro-chemical data of Kilombero Valley

Hydro-chemical and istope data from streams, groundwater and rice paddies. Samples were taken weekly during with the main period covering parts of 2013-2014....

Long-term hydroclimatic data for 22 globally distributed wetlandscape sites

Long-term (1901–2014) annual average hydroclimatic conditions (T, P, ET) for wetlandscapes (catchments with wetland networks) around the world. These sites...

Northern Hemisphere 1,200-year hydroclimatic reconstruction

Comparison of gridded proxy reconstructed and climate model simulated hydroclimate and temperature variability across the Northern Hemisphere over the past...

Numerically modelled transport pathways in degrading permafrost

A numerical model which couples heat and water conservation equations combined with a post-processing routine for particle tracking of water pathways is used...

Spatial characterization of the Baltic Sea drainage basin and its unmonitored catchments

Harmonized hydrological base map of the entire Baltic Sea Drainage Basin, including 634 sub-drainage basins. Attribute data, added to all the sub-drainage...

Water quality data from stream water in the Khibiny massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia, August 2017

The dataset includes base chemistry, elemental concentrations, and sulfur isotopic composition (i.e., δ³⁴S-values in SO₄²⁻) from 11 stream water...

Peat

Atmospheric mineral deposition and peat accumulation rates during the last 8300 years in south-central Sweden

This dataset includes elemental concentration, mineralogy, and peat accumulation rates of a peat sequence from Draftinge Mosse bog, located in a peatland rich...

Biogenic and geochemical data covering the last 1700 years from a peat and sediment core from Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

This data set contains proxy data from a paleoenvironment reconstruction study covering the last 1700 years conducted on a peat core from Lydenburg, Mpumalanga...

Bulk density, ash content, humification, peat accumulation and selected lithogenic data of Store Mosse peat bog

Chemical and physical as well as age dating information from the Store Mosse peat bog in southern Sweden. This record dates back to 8900 cal yr BP. The aim of...

Ground temperature and meteorological data from a permafrost peatland in Tavvavuoma, northern Sweden, 2006–2013

This monitoring dataset contains information on ground temperature and thaw depth, and meteorological parameters (air temperature, summer precipitation and...

Ground temperature, thaw depth and snow depth in a permafrost peatland in Tavvavuoma, northern Sweden

This dataset contains information on ground temperature, late season thaw depth and snow depth variability within a permafrost peatland in northern Sweden. The...

Holocene plant macrofossil and geochemical data from permafrost peatlands in Finnmark, Norway

This dataset contains detailed information on plant macrofossils, bulk density, loss on ignition, carbon and nitrogen elemental and isotopic properties from...

Holocene plant macrofossil and geochemical data from permafrost peatlands in Tavvavuoma, Sweden

This dataset contains detailed information on plant macrofossils, bulk density, loss on ignition, and carbon and nitrogen content at six permafrost peatland...

Loss-of-ignition, elemental carbon and mineral data from a peat composite – from a method study for organic matter removal

This dataset contains the measured values of loss of ignition (LOI), residual elemental carbon and identified minerals from peat composite sub-samples...

Macrofossil analysis on a peat sequence reaching ~10 000 years BP in Store Mosse bog, south-central Sweden

Plant macrofossils were analysed from an ombrotrophic peat bog (Store Mosse bog) located in south-central Sweden, using a 678 cm long peat sequence which was...

Maps of northern peatland extent, depth, carbon storage and nitrogen storage

This dataset contains GIS grids of peatland properties for the full northern hemisphere, north of 23° N. The files include peatland extent, permafrost extent,...

Peat properties obtained from a peat sequence reaching ~10 000 years BP in Store Mosse, south-central Sweden

Peat properties from an ombrotrophic bog (Store Mosse bog) located in south-central Sweden. The data include peat bulk density analysis, peat accumulation...

Storminess proxy data for the last 6670 years from Laphroaig Peat Bog, Islay, Scotland

This dataset comprises peat parameters (bulk density, age, accumulation rates, ash content) and elemental concentration and grain size data from a peat...

Soil

A high spatial resolution soil carbon and nitrogen dataset for the northern permafrost region

This spatial dataset is quantifying soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) storage with their carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) in soils of the...

Carbon use efficiency along resource stoichiometry gradients

Carbon use efficiency (CUE, the ratio of carbon used for growth over carbon taken up) is an important regulator of the carbon cycle. This dataset presents a...

Carbon use efficiency from organisms to ecosystems

Numerous definitions of carbon use and carbon storage efficiency (CUE and CSE, respectively) have been proposed to characterize how much of the carbon entering...

Detailed pedon data on soil carbon and nitrogen for the northern permafrost region

Soils in the northern high latitudes are a key component in the global carbon cycle; the northern permafrost region covers 22% of the Northern Hemisphere and...

Soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in the Lena River Delta – pedon data

The Arctic Lena River Delta has been sampled with 50 soil pedons. These were classified according to the U.S.D.A. Soil Taxonomy and fall mostly into the...

Soil organic carbon (SOC) storage in the Lena River Delta – shapefile

The Arctic Lena River Delta has been sampled with 50 soil pedons. These were classified according to the U.S.D.A. Soil Taxonomy and fall mostly into the...

Soil property data from An Giang Province, Vietnam, spring 2019

This soil property dataset includes results from sampling undertaken in An Gian Province, Vietnam, taken during spring 2019. The properties analyzed are:...

The Northern Circumpolar Soil Carbon Database

Information and data from the Northern Circumpolar Soil Carbon Database (NCSCD), a spatial dataset created for the purpose of quantifying storage of organic...

 

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simulation Ensemble simulations Environmental forcing factors Eocene Eocene-Oligocene Transition Equatorial Pacific Extinction FIGAERO-CIMS FTIR Fennoscandia Fennoscandian Ice Sheet Field measurements Figaro CH₄ sensor Finland Fjord Floating chamber Flow pathways Flow-path Fluorescence Fluvial terrace Flux Fog Foraminifera Forest Fosen Fossil leaves GCVI Gas phase Gas transfer Gas transfer model Geochemical proxy data Geochemistry Geochronology Geomorphological maps Geophysics Gialova lagoon Glacial geomorphology Glacial lake Glacial landforms Glacial lineation Glacial rebound Glacial valley Glacier Glacier-proximal Glaciers Glaciology Global climate model Global crop production Grain size Grass phytoliths Grassland biome Greece Greenhouse Greenhouse gas Greenhouse gas flux Greenland Greenland Ice Sheet Ground temperature Groundwater Growing season degreee days Guangzhou Gyre index Gyttja Gårdsjön HMW plant-wax lipids Habitat fragmentation Heartwood biomass Heinrich 0 Herald Canyon 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cover change Land uplift Landscape abundances Landscape unit Laptev Sea Large-eddy simulations Large-scale Last 2000 years Last Interglacial Last millennium Late Glacial Late Miocene Late Miocene-early Pliocene Lateglacial Les Echets Lesotho Lidar Light absorption Light scattering Lignin Limnology Lithostratigraphy LoTUS Lomonosov Ridge Long-term trend Longwave radiation spectra Loss-on-ignition MAAP MAC365 MIS 5e MIS2 MIS3 MOCCHA MXD Macro remains Major-element geochemistry Management suggestions Manora Peak Map Mapping Marine Marine Geology Marine Heat Flow Marine Isotope Stage 3 Marine chemistry Marine ecosystems Marine geology Marine sediment Marine sediments Maritime continent Mass absorption Mass absorption cross-section​ Maximum temperature Mean temperature Mercury Mercury concentration Meridional overturning circulation Meteorological model data Meteorology Methane Methane isotopes Methanesulfonic acid Methylmercury Mg/Ca Microbial biomass carbon Microbiology-Ocean-Cloud-Coupling in the High Arctic Microclimate Micrometeorological data Micrometeorology Microsensor Mid-Holocene Midwater Mine pollution Mineral dust Mineral magnetics Mineralogy Minimum temperature Miocene Miocene Climatic Optimum Miombo Model simulation Model-data comparison Monomictic Monthly data Monthly maximum temperature Monthly minimum temperature Morphology Mozambique Mt. Åreskutan Multi-core Multi-proxy Multi-proxy data set Multi-proxy lake sediments Multibeam Multibeam bathymetry Multibeam; NAIS NEGC expedition Nairobi Nanoparticles Natura 2000 Navarino Environmental Observatory Neoproterozoic glaciations Neutral cluster and air ion spectrometer New particle formation Newfoundland Nitrate Nitrogen Nitrogen content NorESM North Atlantic North Pole Northern Greenland Northern Hemisphere Northern Thailand Northern circumpolar permafrost area Northern circumpolar permafrost region Northern hemisphere Northern peatlands Northwest Passage Norway Numerical modelling Nutrient limitation Nutrients Nybro OATRC 2012 expedition OATRC 2013 expedition OM removal OSL dates OSL dating OSO 2007/08 expedition OSO 2009/10 expedition OSO 2010/11 expedition Ocean Ocean acidification Ocean biology Ocean biology and chemistry Ocean chemistry Ocean circulation Ocean turbulence Oceanography Oden Offshore archives Oligocene Optical properties Organic carbon Organic matter Oxygen Oxygen isotope Oxygen isotope composition Oxygen isotopes Ozone PAGES 2k PM2.5 PMCAMx-UF PSAP Palaeoceanography Palaeoclimate Palaeoecology Palaeohydrology Palaeomagnetic secular variation Paleo-geographic maps Paleo-monsoon Paleoceanography Paleoclimate Paleoclimate reconstruction Paleodust Paleoecology Paleoenvironment Paleoglaciology Paleotemperature Palgrunden Particle formation Particle number size distribution Particle size distribution Past carbon cycling Peat Peat accumulation Peat accumulation rate Peat bog Peat parameters Peat properties Peatland Peatland carbon Peatland depth Peatland extent Peatland nitrogen Peatland vegetation Peloponnese Percentages Periglacial geomorphology Permafrost Permafrost carbon Permafrost hydrogeology Phase transitions Phosphate Phosphorus Photo Phytoliths Picea spp. A. 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Placentia Bay Planktic foraminifera Planktonic foraminifera Plant allocation Plant carbon Plant diversity Plant macrofossils Plant occurences Pleistocene Pollen Pollen counts Pollen stratigraphy Pollution record Pond Porewater Position and speed Precipitation Precipitation intensity Precipitation type Preluca Tiganului Primary productivity PrimeSCale model Priming effect Pro-glacial Productivity Profiles Pålgrunden Quaternary Quaternary geochronology RCP RCS RUHM framework RV Electra Radar image Radiance measurement Radiation Radiocarbon Radiocarbon dates Radiosonde Radiosoundings Rating curves Reconstruction Regime shifts Regional climate models Relative humidity Remote sensing Remote sensing of clouds and fogs Reservoir age Respiration Rhizosphere priming Rice Ring width Romania Root depth Root distribution Root zone storage capacity Russia Russian Sub-Arctic Ryder 2019 expedition Ryder Glacier Röån SAS 2021 expedition SAT 2008 and 2009 expeditions SE Tibetan Plateau SMPS SWERUS-C3 SWERUS-C3 expedition Salinity Sample depth Sapwood biomass Savanna Scandinavia Scanning mobility particle sizer Scattering coefficient Scattering enhancement factor Scotland Scots pine Scoured terrain Sea Ice Sea ice Sea level Sea spray production Sea surface temperature Sea-ice loss Seafloor Seafloor morphology Seafloor morphometry Seasonality changes Seawater temperature Sediment Sediment carbon Sediment cores Sediment geochemistry Sediment physical properties Sediment properties Sediment size fractions Sediment transport Sedimentology Sediments Seismoacoustic Senseair CO₂ sensor Sensitivity experiments Sequestration Shallow inshore areas Shanghai Ship log Ship log and weather station Ship navigation Shore displacement Siberia Siberian shelf Simrad EK80 Single beam Snow Snow depth Snowball Earth Social-ecological systems Soil Soil nutrients Soil organic carbon Soil properties Soil taxonomy Sokli Solar radiation Soot Source apportionment South Africa South Asia Southeast Asia; Southern Ocean Southern Quark Southern Sweden Spatial scale Species abundance Species richness Sphagnum mosses Stable carbon isotope Stable isotopes Stem biomass Steregoiu Stockholm Stockholm archipelago Stomatal proxy Storminess Stratigraphy Stream water Sub-Arctic Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-arctic Sub-bottom profiling Subarctic Subsea permafrost Subsurface ocean temperature Sulfate Sulfur Sulfur isotopes Sulfuric acid Summer temperature Sun-photometer Supraglacial lake drainage Supraglacial lakes Surface bubble spectra Surface energy budget Surface water Sustainable intensification of agriculture Svalbard Sweden Swerus-C3 TDCIMS TEX86 TRW TanDEM-X Tanzania Tarfala Tempelfjorden Temperate forest Temperature Temperature proxy Temperature reconstruction Tephra Tephrostratigraphy Terrestial biota Terrestrial Terrestrial ecosystems Tethered sonde profiles Thailand Thaw depth Thematic mapping Thermohaline staircases Thermokarst Throughfall Tibet Timeseries Topoclimate Total nitrogen Trace gas Traffic Transport modeling Travel times Tree biomass Tree rings Tree-rings Tropical atmosphere Tropical circulation Tropical precipitation Tropospheric chemistry Turbidity Turborotalita quinqueloba Turbulence Turbulent drag Turbulent fluxes UCPC Uk'37 Ultrafine aerosol Ultrafine condensation particle counter Ultrafine particles Ultraviolet radiation Unsaturated zone Urban background Varves Vascular plant Vedde Vegetation Vegetation carbon cycle Vegetation carbon stock Vegetation feedback Vertical mixing Vertical profiles Video Visibility Volatility Volcanoes Volume transport connectivity Warm-pool Water Water column Water depth Water harvesting Water isotope composition Water management Water quality Water temperature Waterbirds Weather Weather forecast Weather observations Weather station Weather stations Wetland ecosystems Wildfire Willow Wind profilers Wind speed X-ray diffraction XRD analysis XRF XRF core scanning Younger Dryas Zeppelin iButton pH reconstruction ¹⁴C dates Åland Sea Ångström exponent